北京产业发展报告(2020~2021)

书 名: 北京产业发展报告(2020~2021)
英 文 名: ANNUAL REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF BEIJING INDUSTRY (2020-2021)
作 者:  刘燕 贾晓俊 李孟刚
I S B N: 978-7-5201-8220-1
丛 书 名: 北京产业蓝皮书
关 键 词:  北京市 产业发展 产业优势

中文摘要

2020年是“十三五”收官之年,北京市“十三五”规划的主要目标任务已经完成,并在全国范围内引领全面建成小康社会。北京经济总体水平进一步提高,产业结构进一步优化,“高精尖”制造业和文旅服务业优势进一步发挥,区域金融稳健发展。

本书立足梳理北京产业发展全貌,跟进北京产业调整动态,为充分发挥北京既有产业优势、补足产业短板提供多方面的研究支持。本书通过全景式回顾2020年北京产业结构变化探寻北京产业结构调整进程,并采用指数分析法对北京制造业、“高精尖”产业、文化产业等进行定量分析,从定量角度评估北京相关产业的发展阶段、突出优势、相对弱点,同时以专题形式对北京多个产业进行案例或实证分析,为北京文创产业、文化旅游产业、金融业发展提供了有针对性的建议。

北京是文化中心、国际交往中心,基于这两个中心,北京的文化产业、文创产业、文旅产业发展具有不可替代、不可复制的优势。本书中的多篇报告对此进行了分析,也印证了北京文化服务业对北京经济发展的拉动作用。但与此同时,北京文化服务业的发展在较大程度上依赖财政投入,与其他国际文化中心相比,显得竞争力不足,因此本书建议加快北京文化领域的消费升级,加强科技成果在北京文化领域的转化运用,运用科技手段展现北京历史悠久的特色文化等。

北京是全国科技创新中心,这意味着北京的产业发展应集中于高质量、高科技、高创新领域,本书从北京制造业价值链攀升、“高精尖”产业创新发展维度进行了实证研究,结果显示北京制造业价值链攀升效率从2013年开始显著提升,这充分彰显了北京科技创新中心的定位。本书研究发现北京海淀区、昌平区在科创板IPO公司数量上排名靠前,表明这些年北京产业结构调整获得了资本市场认可;未来应该继续加强“高精尖”产业发展,以扎实的高科技产业发展带动全国相关领域攻克“卡脖子”难题。

2020 is the final year of the 13th Five-Year Plan for my country and Beijing. The main objectives and tasks of Beijing’s 13th Five-Year Plan have been completed,leading the nationwide construction of a well-off society in an all-round way,and the overall level of Beijing’s economy has further improved,the industrial structure is further optimized,the advantages of high-precision manufacturing and cultural tourism service industries are further brought into play,and regional finance develops steadily.

This report is based on sorting out the overall picture of Beijing’s industrial development,following up on the dynamics of Beijing’s industrial adjustment,and providing multi-faceted research support to give full play to the advantages of Beijing’s existing industries and make up for the shortcomings of the industry. This report explores the process of Beijing’s continued industrial structure adjustment through a panoramic review of the changes in Beijing’s industrial structure in 2020,and uses an index analysis method to quantitatively analyze Beijing’s manufacturing,high-precision,and cultural industries,and evaluate the development of Beijing’s related industries from a quantitative perspective. The development stage,highlighting advantages and relative weaknesses. At the same time,this report also conducts case or empirical analysis of multiple industries in Beijing in the form of special topics,and provides targeted suggestions for the development of Beijing’s cultural and creative industries,Beijing’s cultural tourism industry,and Beijing’s financial industry.

Beijing is a cultural center and an international exchange center. Based on these two centers,Beijing’s cultural industry,cultural creative industry,and cultural tourism industry have irreplaceable,non-replicable,and non-subversive advantages. Many reports and topics in this report have analyzed this,and also confirmed the pulling effect of Beijing’s cultural service industry on Beijing’s economic development;but at the same time,the income of Beijing’s cultural service industry is largely dependent on financial investment. In terms of marketization and globalized revenues of other international cultural centers,they are insufficiently competitive. This report recommends accelerating the consumption upgrade in Beijing’s cultural field,strengthening the transformation and application of scientific and technological achievements in Beijing’s cultural field,and adopting scientific and technological means to promote and demonstrate Beijing’s long history.

Beijing is a national science and technology innovation center,which means that Beijing’s industrial development should focus on high-quality,high-tech,and high-innovation fields. This report conducts empirical research from the dimensions of Beijing’s manufacturing value chain climbing and high-precision industrial innovation development. The results it shows that the value and efficiency of Beijing’s manufacturing industry has increased significantly after 2013,fully demonstrating the positioning of Beijing’s science and technology innovation center;this report also found that Beijing Haidian District and Changping District ranked first in the number of IPOs on the Science and Technology Innovation Board,indicating that the industrial structure has been adjusted in recent years. It has also been recognized by the capital market;in the future,we should continue to strengthen the development of high-tech industries,and drive the development of solid high-tech industries to overcome the “stuck neck” problem in related fields across the country.

专家观点